John Muir

"The Two Johnnies" "John of Birds" and "John of Mountains." "John Burroughs, age 72, and John Muir, age 70, taken in Yosemite.
“The Two Johnnies” “John of Birds” and “John of Mountains.” “John Burroughs, age 72, and John Muir, age 70, taken in Yosemite.

In this website about John Muir, we will try to cover every facet of his life. Not just the life of John Muir, the Botanist.

John Muir was an American and Scottish Author, Engineer, botanist, geologist and naturalist. He was born on the twenty-first of April, 1838 in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland. He was very active in the campaign of pthe reservation of wilderness in the United States of America. He played an important role in the campaign of the Sequoia, Yosemite Valley and in National Park. He wrote many books, essays, and letters, which tells about his adventures in nature. His book titled “Sierra Nevada Mountains of California” was considered the most adventurous book and it has been read by millions around the country. John Muir founded the Sierra Club (an American Conservation Organization).

John Muir devoted his entire life in order to preserve the western forests. In fact, He was the one who filed the petition to the members of the U.S. Congress for the original National Park system and it was passed in 1890, establishing Sequoia National Park and Yosemite National Park. He was very optimistic in his work and he tried his best to inspire the readers to look after the environment and pay attention to the preservation of nature.

Mostly, John Muir’s writings are discussed in his journals and books. He is quoted by natural photographers i.e. Ansel Adams. Several other writers have highly praised John’s work in their own independent writings. He is also famous because he was noted for being a strong political spokesman, religious prophet and an ecological thinker. Today, He is referred to as the Father of the United States national parks.

John Muir’s Activism and Controversies

  • Preservation efforts
  • Establishing Yosemite National Park
  • Sierra Club
  • Preservation VS conservation
  • Helping Native Americans
  • Hetch Hetchy dam controversy

John Muir’s Major Philosophical beliefs

  • Philosophical beliefs of nature and Theology
  • Philosophical beliefs of sensory perceptions and light
  • Seeing nature as home

The Legacy of John Muir

More than three hundred articles and twelve books are published about John Muir. He co-founded the Sierra Club and when he died, the Government of the United States of America established many additional national parks and the US national parks now see as many as 2.4 million visitors annually. John Muir has been known as the patron saint of the American Wilderness as well as its archetypal free spirit.

Tributes and Honors to John Muir

John Muir day is celebrated on the 21st of April each year. In light of John’s great services, the US Government changed the name of one famous trail to John Muir Trail, which is situated in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. There are several other places which are named in the name of John Muir such as Muir Beach, Camp Muir, Muir Woods National Monument, John Muir College and Muir Glacier. Here is a list of some various places which are named after John Muir:

  • John Muir National Historic Site
  • John Muir College
  • John Muir High School
  • Camp Muir
  • Muir’s Peak next to Mount Shasta
  • John Muir Elementary in Martinez California
  • John Muir Elementary in Portage Wisconsin

Death of John Muir

He died at a California Hospital (California Hospital Medical Center) in Los Angeles California on 24 December 1914. His cause of death was Pneumonia and at that time, his age was 76 years old. He left behind his spouse Louisa Wanda Strentzei and his 2 daughters and 10 grand children.


John Muir History

Basin at John Muir Wilderness Trail

John Muir – History

John Muir was a Scottish-American environmental philosopher, author and naturalist and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the USA. His books, essays, and letters are telling of his adventure in nature, especially in California Sierra Nevada Mountains, have been read by millions of fans. His activism helped to preserve the wilderness areas, sequoia National Park, and Yosemite Valley. The Sierra Club, which he founded, is a prominent USA conversation organization. A hiking trail in the Sierra Nevada was titled in the honor. Other such locations include Muir Glacier, Camp Muir, Mount Muir, John Muir College, Muir Beach and Muir Woods National Monument.

In his later life, John devoted most of his time to the protection of the western forests. He petitioned the United States congress for the National Park bill that was passed in 1890, establishing Sequoia and Yosemite National Parks. The enthusiasm and spiritual quality toward nature expressed in his writing encouraged readers, including congressmen and presidents, to take action to support preserve big nature areas. He is today known as the “Father of the National Parks” and National Service Park has produced a small documentary about his life.

Muir biographer, Steven J. Holmes, trust that John has become “one of the patron saints of 20th century USA environmental activity,” both recreational and political. As a result, his writing was generally discussed in journals and books, and he is often quoted by Ansel Adams and other nature photographers. Muir has deeply shaped the very categories through which Americans know and envision their links with the natural globe,” Holmes writes.

Muir was noted for being a religious prophet, political spokesman, and ecological thinker, whose writings became a secret guide into nature for countless individuals, making his title “almost ubiquitous” in the new environmental awareness. According to William Anderson (author), Muir exemplified “the model of our oneness with the earth”; while Donald Worster (biographer) says he trusted his mission was saving the USA soul from total surrender to materialism.

John was born in the little home in Dunbar. His father bought the adjacent building in 1842, and made it the family house. John Muir’s birthplace is a 4 story stone home in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland. His parents were Ann Gilyre and Daniel Muir. His was the 3rd of eight children: American-born Joanna, Ann and Mary (twins), Daniel, David, Sarah and Margaret. In his autobiography, he explained his boyhood pursuits, which added fighting, either by re-enacting romantic wars from the independence wars of Scottish or hunting for bird nests or just scrapping on the playground (ostensibly to one-up his fellows as they matched notes on who knew where the most were placed). Amy Marquis (Author) notes he start his “love affairs” with nature while adult, and implies that it may have been in reaction to his solid religious upbringing.” His father trusted that anything that distracted from Bible studies was punishable and frivolous.

John Muir- United States

In 1849, Muir’s family immigrated to the USA, opening a farm near Portage, Wisconsin, known as Fountain Lake Farm. It has been assigned a National Historic Sign. Stephen Fox tells that John father found the Scotland Church insufficiently solid in practice and faith, leading to the emigration and joining a people attending worship of the Camphellite Restoration Movement, known as the Disciples of Christ.

By age eleven, young Muir had learned to recite ‘by heart and by tender flesh” most of the Old Testament and all of the New Testament. In maturity, while remaining an extremely spiritual man, John may have changed his orthodox faiths. He wrote, “I never tried to code of civilization or abandon creeds; they went away of their own accord… without leaving any awareness of loss.” Elsewhere in his writings, he explained the conventional picture of a Creator,” as merely a manufacture page as any puppet of a half-penny theater.”

John Muir registered at the Wisconsin-Madison University, paying his own way for many years. There, in a towering black locust tree near to North Hall, John took his initial botany class. A researcher student nerved a flower from the tree and utilized it to describe how the mega locust is a member of the pea family, matched to the straggling pea plant. 50 years later, the naturalist Muir explained the day in his autobiography.” This perfect lesson charmed me and sent me meadows in wild enthusiasm and flying in the woods.”

As a new student, John studied chemistry with Ezra Carr (Professor) and his Wife Jeanne; they became permanent friends, and John developed a long-term interest in sciences and chemistry. John took a thrilling approach to his studies, attending classes for 2 years but never being listed top than a first-year student due to his strange selection of courses. Records presented his class rank as “rough gent” and, although he never completes his graduation, he learned sufficient botany and geology to notify his later wanderings.

In September 1867, John undertook a walk of approximately 1,000 miles (16, 02) from Indiana to Florida, which he described in his book A 1000 Mile Walk to the Gulf. He had no unique route chosen, except to go by the leafiest, wildest, and least trodden way I could find. When john arrived at Cedar Keys, he starts working for Richard Hodgson at sawmill Hodgson’s. Anyway, 3 days after accepting to job for Hodgson, John almost died of a malarial illness. One evening in early 1868 January, John Climbed onto the Hodgson home roof to watch the sunset. John finally saw a ship, the Island Belle, and learned it would soon be going for Cuba. John entered into the ship, and while in Havana, he spent his hours studying flowers and shells and visiting the botanical garden in the city. Afterwards, he sailed to New York and move to California. John Muir served as an officer in the American Coast survey, a uniformed administration service agency.

John Muir Woods National Park

John Muir National Park San Francisco

Muir Woods National Park is found northwest of San Francisco Golden Entrance Bridge. If you drive from San Francisco, you will should go west on Lombard Road or freeway 1 north, cross the Golden Gate Bridge. Take already existing: America motorway 1 direction Stinson Coastline for around 8 miles. Don’t miss the Muir Woods highway as you come close to Stinson Beach junction-stay on the appropriate side going north on the Scenic Highway for about 2 miles. At the next junction, depart driving on the breathtaking windy roadway for about 5 miles just before you get in Muir Woods National Park.

Focus: Don’t rent out a vehicle or drive to Muir Woods throughout the top period (Might via October!) Its a headache! Muir Woods National forest car park is incredibly tiny and also restricted to office motor vehicles as well as bus excursions! A lot of site visitors which drive to Muir Woods National forest throughout the top period invest a lot of their time trying to find a garage! Muir Woods National Park Auto parking great deal could about match 50 vehicles! Exactly what to do with these hundred of vehicles that maintain reversing trying to find an area to park? They finish up driving far southern and parking along the narrow road as well as strolling for very long time prior to they get to the park! Just what a waste of time! Why losing a lot time when you could either take the regional shuttle or choose a Muir Woods Excursion. At some time its more cost effective working with a tourist guide with an SUV or Van conserving money and time!

Muir Woods National forest is residence to the seaside redwoods, they are not as high and vast as the Giant Redwoods in Redwoods National forest (6 hours driving north of San Francisco). When you visit Muir Woods National forest, don’t miss out on two significant groves: Sanctuary Grove and also Bohemian Grove. Both groves are the home of the tallest, earliest and best Redwoods in the Park! Lots of folks which are in hurry turn left on bridge three just before they reach Sanctuary Grove! Keep strolling for few minutes passing bridge # 3 to imagine the biggest redwoods in Muir Woods National Park. If you have even more time, you could keep strolling additional west to view more redwoods and also groves. If you have the entire day and like going, take the Ocean View Hiking trail. The big salami could take 2 to 4 hrs to enjoy it detailed. You might also consider exploring beyond the park to enjoy tranquility and peace in the bordering hills to get to Mt Tam.
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Muir Woods National forest has a whole lot to offer! The park is the home of the Titan Redwoods! The seaside redwoods are the Giant & high redwoods trees that increased within a narrow strip along America Shore. This strip lies along the Pacific Sea that extends from south Oregon to Big Sur in Central America.

The Coastal Redwoods are recognized for being the highest trees on the surface area of planet. Three redwoods trees would be as tall as the Eiffel Tower in Paris-France. In shorts, redwoods could be as tall as 380 feet!